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SPECIFICATION

Austin-500 1915
Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, CA

 

GREAT ORGAN (CC to c4, 61 notes)

1. 16 Double Open Diapason
2. 16 Bourdon 
3. 8 Open Diapason (1 large)
4. 8 Open Diapason (2 medium) 
5. 8 Open Diapason (3 small) 
6. 8 Viole Gamba [sic] 
7. 8 Dulciana 
8. 8 Gemshorn 
9. 8 Stopped Diapason 
10. 8 Philomela 
11. 8 Harmonic Flute 
12. 4 Octave 
13. 4 Gambette 
14. 4 Flute Harmonique 
15. 2 2/3 Twelfth 
16. 2 Fifteenth
17. Mixture 4 & 5 rks. 
18. 16 Double Trumpet
19. 8 Posaune 4. 8 Open Diapason (2 medium)
20. 8 French Trumpet 
21. 4 Clarion 
22. Sesqueltra [sic] 3 rks. 
23. Cathedral Chimes 

Swell to Great 
Swell to Great Sub
Swell to Great Octave 
Choir to Great
Choir to Great Sub
Choir to Great Octave 
Solo & Echo to Great 
Solo & Echo to Great Octave

SWELL ORGAN

1. 16 Bourdon
2. 16 Double Dulciana 
3. 8 Open Diapason (large)
4. 8 Open Diapason (small) 
5. 8 Viole d'Orchestre
6. 8 Salicional 
7. 8 Aeoline 
8. 8 Voix Celeste 
9. 8 Clarabella 
10. 8 Spitzfloete [sic] 
11. 8 Lieblich Gedeckt 
12. 4 Principal 
13. 4 Violina 
14. 4 Flute Harmonique 
15. 4 Wald Floete [sic] 
16. 2 Piccolo Harmonique
17. Mixture 4 & 5 rks. 
18. 16 Contra Posaune
19. 16 Contra Fagotto
20. 8 Cornopean 
21. 8 Oboe 
22. 8 Harmonic Trumpet 
23. 4 Clarion
24. 8 Vox Humana
25. 8 Unda Maris 

Tremulant 
Swell Sub
Swell Unison off 
Swell Octave
Solo & Echo to Swell
Eight adjustable composition pistons to control Swell stops

Choir Organ

1. 16 Contra Gamba
2. 8 Open Diapason 
3. 8 Gamba
4. 8 Concert Flute 
5. Hohl Flute [sic] 
6. 8 Flauto Dolce 
7. 8 Quintadena 
8. 8 Dulciana 
9. 8 Flute Celeste 
10. 4 Octave 
11. 4 Flute Harmonique 
12. 4 Suabe Flute 
13. 2 Harmonic Piccolo 
14. Dolce Cornet (3 rks.) 
15. 8 Harmonic Trumpet 
16. 8 Clarionet
17. 8 Cor Anglais 
18. Celesta
Tremulant
Choir Sub
Choir Unison off
Choir Octave
Swell to Choir
Swell to Choir Sub
Swell to Choir Octave
Solo & Echo to Choir
Solo & Echo to Choir Sub
Solo & Echo to Choir Octave
Eight adjustable composition pistons to control Choir stops
Echo organ also playable on choir manual by duplex action 

pedal ORGAN

1. 64 Gravissima, resultant
2. 32 Double Open Diapason 
3. 32 Contra Violone
4. 16 Open Diapason 
5. 16 Open Diapason 
6. 16 Open Diapason 
7. 16 Violone 
8. 16 Dulciana
9. 16 Bourdon
10. 16 Lieblich Bourdon
11. 10 2/3 Gross Quint
12. 8 Flauto Dolce
13. 8 Gross Flute
14. 8 Octave Dulciana
15. 8 Violoncello
16. 4 Octave Flute
17. 32 Contra Bombarde
18. 16 Trombone
19. 16 Tuba
20. 8 Octave Trombone
21. 4 Clarion
22. 16 Pasaune [sic] 

Great to Pedal
Swell to Pedal
Swell to Pedal Octave
Choir to Pedal
Solo & Echo to Pedal
Solo & Echo to Pedal Octave
Pedal Super Octave
Choir to Pedal Octave
Six adjustable pistons to control Pedal stops 


ECHO ORGAN

1. 16 Lieblich Bourdon
2. 8 Small Diapason 
3. 8 Gamba
4. 8 Dolce 
5. 8 Cor de Nuit 
6. 8 Chimney Flute 
7. 8 Unda Maris 
8. 4 Flauto Dolce 

Solo & Echo Unison off
Great to Solo & Echo
Echo "on", Solo "off"
Choir "on", Echo "off"
Echo "on", Choir "off"

9. 8 Vox Humana 
10. Cathedral Chimes 

Solo & Echo Sub
Solo & Echo Octave
Solo "on", Echo "off"
Solo & Echo "on"
Eight adjustable pistons to control Solo & Echo stops 

SOLO ORGAN

1. 8 Tuba Magna
2. 8 Tuba Marabilis [sic] 
3. 4 Tuba Clarion
4. 8 Viole d'Orchestre 
5. 8 Viole Celeste
6. 8 Concert Flute 
7. 4 Harmonic Flute 
8. 2 Harmonic Piccolo 
9. 8 Dolce 
10. 8 French Horn 
11. 8 Orchestral Oboe 
12. 8 Corno di Bassetto 
13. 8 Vox Humana 
14. 8 Harmonic Trumpet 
15. 8 Flugel Horn

Tremulant


The organ is voiced on 5-10-15 and 25 inches wind pressures. Eight composition pedals duplicating the eight general pistons over upper manual. Four zero pistons affecting Swell, Choir, Great, and Solo. Eight general pistons over upper manual affecting the entire organ including couplers, Adjustable. One zero piston over upper manual affecting the entire organ


ACCESSORY [sic]

Balanced Crescendo Pedal, adjustable, not moving registers
Balanced Swell Pedal
Balanced Choir Pedal
Balanced Solo & Echo Pedal
Great to Pedal, reversible
Solo to Pedal, reversible
Solo to Great, reversible
Sforzando Pedal


EXCERPTS FROM THE 1915 CONVENTION BROCHURE

"The exterior arrangement of the stops, couplers and accessories, with their measurements and positions, is in accordance with diagrams planned by Mr. Edwin H. Lemare, the celebrated organist, and the specifications of the organ or its scheme of stops, was designed by the Exposition authorities....

"The largest pipe of this organ is the 32 CCCC of the pedal Double Open Diapason. This pipe weighs over 1300 lbs., and is 32 feet in length. Special timber had to be sawed from selected logs to get planks of sufficient lenght and width for the construction of these pipes....

"The organ, like all other instruments of the Austin make, is built on their Universal Air Chest system... The largest chest is 41 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 7 feet high....

"There are four Austin Patent-Universal Air Chests... These air chests can be entered by means of air locks, while the wind is on, and in the largest of these air chambers it would be quite possible to seat comfortably at tables and serve a banquet to 75 persons. The organ weighs approximately forty tons."


SUBSEQUENT HISTORY

(from Schoenstein & Co.'s reprint of the Convention Brochure)

"In 1963 the organ underwent extensive repairs including releathering of all the chest actions. At that time a new Austin console was furnished. The generator was replaced with a power supply. Changes made to the organ through the years are as follows:

"Great Organ, #6 Viole Gamba is a Flute Ouverte 4, #7 Dulciana is a Gambette 4, #8 is not used, #10 Philomela is a Flute Major 8, #20 French Trumpet is a Trombone 8. "Choir Organ, #7 Quintadena is a 2 rk. String 8. "Solo Organ, #9 Dolce is a Gedeckt 8, #10 French Horn is a Unda Maris T.C. 8, #14 is at 16 pitch. "Echo Organ, #3 Gamba is a Vox Angelica 8, #6 is not used. "Pedal Organ, Five new stops were prepared for: Diapason 8, Octave 4, Hohl Flute 4, Wald Flute 4 and a Mixture. "Wind Pressures in the organ are Great - Choir - Swell and Pedal, 10"; Solo 15"; Tuba Magna, 25".

The organ was installed, removed, reinstalled in Civic Auditorium by, and was maintained by Schoenstein & Co.

In 1989, the organ and the building were heavily damaged in the Loma Prieta earthquake. The Organ is now is storage.